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Hum Vaccin. 2005 Nov-Dec;1(6):239-44. Epub 2005 Nov 5.

Rapid licensure of a new, inactivated influenza vaccine in the United States.

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1
University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14642, USA. john_treanor@urmc.rochester.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The unexpected problems at 1 of 2 US licensed manufacturers of trivalent inactivated influenza virus vaccine (TIV) in 2004 highlights the urgent need for additional vaccine sources. We evaluated a split virus TIV (Fluarix, GSK), to generate data supportive of a license application in the US.

METHODS:

Healthy adults ages 18-64 years at four centers were randomly assigned to receive a single IM injection of Fluarix (n = 763) or placebo (n = 193) in double-blind fashion. Subjects were monitored for safety and serum hemagglutination-inhibition (HAI) titers determined before and 21 days after vaccination.

RESULTS:

Vaccine was well tolerated, with only mild to moderate myalgias and injection site pain and redness being more common in vaccine than placebo recipients. Four-fold or greater increases in serum HAI titers were seen in 60%, 62% and 78% of vaccine recipients against the H1, H3, and B components of the vaccine, respectively, and post-vaccination titers of > 1:40 achieved in 98%, 99% and 99% of subjects, exceeding the prespecified criteria for acceptability for all three antigens.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fluarix has a safety and immunogenicity profile like other US-licensed inactivated influenza vaccines and should be effective when used to immunize US adults. SUMMARY LINE: The results of this study were pivotal for the rapid approval of Fluarix in the US for use in adults 18 years of age or older.

PMID:
17012883
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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