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Hum Vaccin. 2005 Sep-Oct;1(5):198-203. Epub 2005 Sep 7.

A new DTPw-HBV/Hib vaccine is immunogenic and safe when administered according to the EPI (Expanded Programme for Immunization) schedule and following hepatitis B vaccination at birth.

Author information

1
Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Filinvest Corporate Centre, Alabang, Muntinlupa City, Manila, Philippines.

Abstract

New combination vaccines and reliable sources of vaccine components are essential to ensure the success of mass immunisation programmes in the 21st century. We evaluated a new combined diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell-pertussis-hepatitis B vaccine, extemporaneously mixed with a Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (DTPw-HBV/Hib) containing 2.5 microg PRP in 913 Philippino infants, administered according to the EPI schedule at 6, 10 and 14 weeks of age after a birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine (HBV; trial DTPw-HBV/Hib-001). One month after the third dose of DTPw-HBV/Hib (N = 182), 99.4% and 94.2% of subjects had anti-PRP antibody levels > or =0.15 microg/mL and > or =1.0 microg/mL, respectively. In addition, 95.9%, 100.0% and 87.6% of subjects had seroprotective antibody concentrations against diphtheria, tetanus and hepatitis B, respectively. The seroprotection rate to hepatitis B increased significantly to 94.3% in subjects who received a dose of HBV at birth. The pertussis vaccine response rate was > or =95%. Seroprotection/vaccine response rates to all antigens after DTPw-HBV/Hib were at least as good as those observed after vaccination with GSK Biologicals' licensed Tritanrix HepB/Hiberix (containing 10 microg PRP) which was used as comparator. Although redness >20 mm in diameter and fever > or = 37.5 degrees C (axillary route) occurred more often after the new DTPw-HBV/Hib vaccine (p < 0.05), other Grade 3 adverse events occurred similarly between the groups. The new DTPw-HBV/Hib vaccine was as immunogenic and well tolerated as the licensed control vaccine when administered according to the immunologically challenging EPI schedule. A birth dose of HBV is important to maximize protection against hepatitis B in endemic regions where the EPI schedule is in place.

PMID:
17012860
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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