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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Oct;88(10):1347-50.

Comparison between external fixation and sliding hip screw in the management of trochanteric fracture of the femur in Nepal.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedics, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Erratum in

  • J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2007 Mar;89(3):421.


We conducted a randomised controlled trial to compare external fixation of trochanteric fractures of the femur with the more costly option of the sliding hip screw. Patients in both groups were matched for age (mean 67 years, 50 to 100) and gender. We excluded all pathological fractures, patients presenting at more than one week, fractures with subtrochanteric extension or reverse obliquity, multiple fractures or any bone and joint disease interfering with rehabilitation. The interval between injury and operation, the duration of surgery, the amount of blood loss, the length of hospital stay and the cost of treatment were all significantly higher in the sliding hip screw group (p < 0.05). The time to union, range of movement, mean Harris hip scores and Western Ontario and McMaster University knee scores were comparable at six months. The number of patients showing shortening or malrotation was too small to show a significant difference between the groups. Pin-track infection occurred in 18 patients (60%) treated with external fixation, whereas there was a single case of wound infection (3.3%) in the sliding hip screw group.

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