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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2006 Oct;88(10):1316-20.

The impact of tobacco use and body mass index on the length of stay in hospital and the risk of post-operative complications among patients undergoing total hip replacement.

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1
Department of Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Karolinska University Hospital Solna, 171 76 Stockholm, Sweden. sayed-omid.sadrazodi@ki.se

Abstract

We carried out a retrospective cohort study of 3309 patients undergoing primary total hip replacement to examine the impact of tobacco use and body mass index on the length of stay in hospital and the risk of short term post-operative complications. Heavy tobacco use was associated with an increased risk of systemic post-operative complications (p = 0.004). Previous and current smokers had a 43% and 56% increased risk of systemic complications, respectively, when compared with non-smokers. In heavy smokers, the risk increased by 121%. A high body mass index was significantly associated with an increased mean length of stay in hospital of between 4.7% and 7%. The risk of systemic complications was increased by 58% in the obese. Smoking and body mass index were not significantly related to the development of local complications. Greater efforts should be taken to reduce the impact of preventable life style factors, such as smoking and high body mass index, on the post-operative course of total hip replacement.

PMID:
17012420
DOI:
10.1302/0301-620X.88B10.17957
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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