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J Biol Chem. 2006 Nov 24;281(47):36180-6. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

Apolipoprotein E and low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein facilitate intraneuronal Abeta42 accumulation in amyloid model mice.

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Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is highly expressed in the brain and has been shown to alter the metabolism of amyloid precursor protein and amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) in vitro. Previously we developed mice that overexpress a functional LRP minireceptor (mLRP2) in their brains and crossed them to the PDAPP mouse model of Alzheimer disease. Overexpression of mLRP2 in 22-month-old PDAPP mice with amyloid plaques increased a pool of carbonate-soluble Abeta in the brain and worsened memory-related behavior. In the current study, we examined the effects of mLRP2 overexpression on 3-month-old PDAPP mice that had not yet developed amyloid plaques. We found significantly higher levels of membrane-associated Abeta42 in the hippocampus of mice that overexpressed mLRP2. Using immunohistochemical methods, we observed significant intraneuronal Abeta42 in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of PDAPP mice, which frequently co-localized with the lysosomal marker LAMP-1. Interestingly, PDAPP mice lacking apolipoprotein E (apoE) had much less intraneuronal Abeta42. We also found that PC12 cells overexpressing mLRP2 cleared Abeta42 and Abeta40 more rapidly from media than PC12 cells transfected with the vector only. Preincubation of apoE3 or apoE4 with Abeta42 increased the rate of Abeta clearance, and this effect was partially blocked by receptor-associated protein. Our results support the hypothesis that LRP binds and endocytoses Abeta42 both directly and via apoE but that endocytosed Abeta42 is not completely degraded and accumulates in intraneuronal lysosomes.

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