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Cell Signal. 2007 Mar;19(3):547-55. Epub 2006 Aug 23.

Raf-1 and B-Raf promote protein kinase C theta interaction with BAD.

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  • 1Signalling and Proteomics Laboratory, The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Switchback Road, Glasgow G61 1BD, UK.


PKCtheta regulates the proliferation, survival and differentiation of T-cells. Here we show that PKCtheta interacts with Raf-1 and B-Raf kinases. Raf-1 enhanced the kinase activity of associated PKCtheta, while PKCtheta reduced the catalytic activity of associated Raf-1. In contrast, B-Raf binding did not affect PKCtheta kinase activity, and PKCtheta did not change B-Raf activity. Coexpression of mutationally activated Raf-1 in cells enhanced the phosphorylation of T538 in the PKCtheta activation loop. PKCtheta and Raf cooperated in terms of binding to BAD, a pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein that is inactivated by phosphorylation. While neither Raf-1 nor B-Raf could phosphorylate BAD, they enhanced the ability of PKCtheta to interact with BAD and to phosphorylate BAD in vitro and in vivo, suggesting a new role for Raf proteins in T-cells by targeting PKCtheta to interact with and phosphorylate BAD.

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