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Auris Nasus Larynx. 2007 Jun;34(2):233-5. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

Primary nasolacrymal tuberculosis diagnosed after dacryocytorhinostomy.

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Department of ORL & HNS, G├╝lhane Military Medical School, Etlik 06018, Ankara, Turkey.


Although tuberculosis (TB) is common and well recognized in many countries, unusual presentations of the disease sometimes raise difficulties in differential diagnosis. Primary tuberculosis of the lacrimal sac and the nasolacrimal duct is an extremely rare presentation of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. Dacryocystorhinostomy alone is not sufficient for the treatment of these patients and an anti-tuberculous therapy has to be added. Here we present a patient with primary tuberculosis, which is limited to the inferior meatus and filled the entire lacrimal sac on the left side. The patient underwent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy due to obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct and culture of the granulation tissue, taken from the lacrimal sac revealed mycobacterial tuberculosis. The patient was improved with anti-tuberculous therapy that was added to the surgery. Primary tuberculosis is a rare granulomatous disease of the nasolacrimal system, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis to plan the effective treatment.

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