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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2007 Apr;76(1):111-8. Epub 2006 Oct 2.

Insulin glargine versus NPH insulin therapy in Asian Type 2 diabetes patients.

Author information

1
Department of Endocrinology, Chinese PLA Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Beijing 100853, China. Panchy301@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigated the effect of insulin glargine (LANTUS) versus NPH insulin on metabolic control and safety in Asian patients with Type 2 diabetes, inadequately controlled on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs).

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

In this open-label, randomized, parallel, multinational, 24-week, non-inferiority study, 443 patients received either once-daily insulin glargine (n=220) or NPH insulin (n=223) at bedtime, plus glimepiride (Amaryl).

RESULTS:

Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. HbA(1c) levels decreased in the insulin glargine and NPH groups over the study period in the per-protocol (PP; -1.10% versus 0.92%) and full-analysis (FA; -0.99% versus -0.77%) populations. In the PP population, the difference between adjusted means (predefined equivalence region >-0.4%) was 0.19% (90% confidence interval [CI]: 0.02, 0.36), demonstrating non-inferiority between the two treatments. In a superiority analysis (FA population), the difference between adjusted mean changes in the two groups was 0.22% (95% CI: 0.02, 0.42), demonstrating the superiority of insulin glargine (p=0.0319). Moreover, the number of hypoglycemic episodes was significantly lower with insulin glargine versus NPH insulin (p<0.004), particularly severe (p<0.03) and nocturnal (p<0.001). Daily insulin dose increased from 9.6+/-1.5 to 32.1+/-17.6 U in the insulin glargine group and from 9.8+/-1.9 to 32.8+/-18.9 U in the NPH insulin group.

CONCLUSION:

These results confirm earlier reports that insulin glargine provides superior glycemic control with less hypoglycemia and demonstrates that these benefits are consistent between different ethnicities.

PMID:
17011662
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabres.2006.08.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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