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Leuk Res. 2007 May;31(5):629-38. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

Endostatin variations in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia--comparison with basic fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor.

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Groupe de recherche MERCI, Faculté de Médecine Pharmacie, CHU Charles Nicolle, Laboratoire d'Hématolologie Publique, 1 rue de Germont, 76000 Rouen, France.


Angiogenic factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were previously studied in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) but little is known concerning the anti-angiogenic response in ALL. At diagnosis, the plasma levels of the anti-angiogenic factor endostatin were significantly higher in 33 children with ALL than in controls (median values 17.7 and 7.6 ng/ml, respectively, p=0.0192) but no relationship was observed with plasma bFGF or VEGF levels. The highest levels were observed in patients with an hyperdiploïd karyotype. Expression of mRNA for collagen XVIII/endostatin in lymphoblasts was detected in 19/24 cases but protein secretion was found only in 14/28 supernatants of cultured lymphoblasts. No direct relationship appeared between secretion of endostatin by lymphoblasts and plasma levels. In addition, endostatin levels remained elevated in remission, suggesting that endostatin could have a stromal origin as well. No prognostic value of plasma endostatin could be assessed. In conclusion, the present data indicate that an anti-angiogenic response is observed in some ALL children, but its physiopathological importance remains to be established.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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