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Curr Opin Immunol. 2006 Dec;18(6):650-5. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

Genes, environment and immunity in the development of rheumatoid arthritis.

Author information

1
Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet/Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. lars.klareskog@ki.se

Abstract

The combined role of genes, environment and immunity in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been the subject of recent investigations. New data support a gene-environment interaction between smoking and the MHC class II HLA-DRB1 shared epitope (SE) genes in anti-citrulline antibody (anti-CP(+)) RA but not in anti-CP(-) disease. These data from genetic epidemiology, together with information on citrullination in the lungs of smokers, have prompted the formulation of a new etiological hypothesis for anti-CP(+) RA, suggesting that smoking in the context of HLA-DR SE might trigger immunity to citrulline-modified proteins and that this immunity, after several years, might cause arthritis.

PMID:
17010589
DOI:
10.1016/j.coi.2006.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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