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Curr Opin Immunol. 2006 Dec;18(6):761-8. Epub 2006 Sep 28.

Novel vaccines and adjuvants for allergen-specific immunotherapy.

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Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research (SIAF), Obere Strasse 22, CH-7270 Davos, Switzerland.


Advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology, in parallel to increased understanding of disease processes and mechanisms of protective immunity, have facilitated the development of novel rational vaccination concepts for allergy. The spectrum ranges from utilizing recombinant proteins, peptides, new adjuvants, immunomodulatory therapy and DNA vaccines, to use of new application routes for both prophylaxis and treatment of allergic disease. New therapeutic concepts based on patient-tailored immunotherapy using recombinant allergens, anti-IgE and sublingual immunotherapies are slowly moving from the bench to the clinics. The additive value of new treatments above existing therapies must be, however, focused on the improvement of efficacy for long-term cure and increased patient compliance to warrant a broad applicability that has to compete with the symptomatic control of allergic and asthmatic diseases of currently available drugs.

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