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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2007 May;59(6):807-15. Epub 2006 Sep 29.

Capecitabine improves cancer cachexia and normalizes IL-6 and PTHrP levels in mouse cancer cachexia models.

Author information

1
Product Research Department, Kamakura Research Laboratories, Chugai Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., 200 Kajiwara, Kamakura, Kanagawa, 247-8530, Japan. ohuchikor@chugai-pharm.co.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To clarify the potential of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as cachectic factors in a colon 26 model and the effects of capecitabine on cancer cachexia as determined by plasma levels of IL-6 and PTHrP and body weight loss.

METHODS:

From two colon 26 sublines-cancer cachectic clone20 and non-cachectic clone5 plasma levels of PTHrP protein and mRNA expression levels in tumor tissues were compared. An IL-6 neutralizing antibody, a PTHrP neutralizing antibody, and capecitabine were administered into mice bearing clone20 and their anticachectic effects evaluated.

RESULTS:

The plasma level of PTHrP protein in mice bearing clone20 was higher than that in mice bearing clone5. The expression level of PTHrP mRNA was 49-fold higher in tumor tissues of clone20 than of clone5, according to GeneChip analysis. PTHrP antibody as well as IL-6 antibody suppressed wasting of the body and gastrocnemius and adipose tissue weights. PTHrP antibody suppressed the induction of hypercalcemia but not hypoglycemia or elevation of IL-6, whereas IL-6 antibody suppressed the induction of hypoglycemia but not hypercalcemia or elevation of PTHrP. Capecitabine, a fluorinated pyrimidine anticancer agent, improved body wasting of mice bearing clone20 at a low dose with no reduction of tumor volume. Furthermore, capecitabine lowered the levels of PTHrP and IL-6 in plasma and suppressed hypoglycemia and hypercalcemia in this model. Capecitabine also showed anticachectic effects on cachexia in a cancer model induced by human cervical cancer cell line Y (also known as Yumoto).

CONCLUSIONS:

PTHrP and IL-6 were found to be factors in the development of cachexia in a colon 26 cancer model, and capecitabine improved cancer cachexia by suppressing the plasma levels of IL-6 and PTHrP in colon 26 and Y cachectic models.

PMID:
17009035
DOI:
10.1007/s00280-006-0338-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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