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Cancer Treat Rev. 2006 Nov;32(7):524-31. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

Targeted therapies in melanoma.

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Department of Medical Oncology A, National Institute for Cancer Research, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, Genoa 16132, Italy.


In the last decade the incidence of melanoma has been rising. Despite this, survival remains substantially constant because early diagnosis of thin lesions has increased. By contrast, metastatic melanoma continues to have a poor prognosis and it still represents a challenge for oncologists. Response rates with single agent dacarbazine range from 10% to 25% with median survival of 8 months. The advent of new drugs with specific mechanisms of action could help to improve the poor results of traditional therapies. In this review, we focused on the novel agents that entered clinical trials in melanoma patients. We show the results of some clinical trials with target-oriented drugs in melanoma patients. Moreover pre-clinical data and rationale for use in melanoma was explained. Trials with protein-kinase inhibitors, anti-CTLA-4 agents, pro-apoptotic oligonucleotides and anti-angiogenic agents were reviewed. Combinations with chemotherapeutic agents, immunotherapy and vaccine therapy were also analyzed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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