Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Screen. 2006;13(3):152-5.

Diabetes retinopathy screening: audit of equity in participation and selected outcomes in South East London.

Author information

Department of Primary Care & Social Medicine, Imperial College Faculty of Medicine, London W6 8RP, UK.



To assess uptake of the diabetes retinopathy screening programme in South East London and examine variation in attendance and screening outcomes.


Cross-sectional study of patients on a centralized disease register invited for retinal screening during 2003. The influence of age, gender, deprivation, region of birth and type of diabetes on screening attendance and outcomes was assessed.


An estimated 46% of residents with known diabetes (9750/21,104) were offered digital retinopathy screening during 2003. In all, 88.9% of patients who were invited for screening attended. Attendance rates were significantly lower in younger patients (< or = 40 years), in those with type 1 diabetes and in patients residing in areas with the highest levels of deprivation. A total of 28.9% of patients had background retinopathy or worse during 2003. Retinopathy was more common in older patients (>40 years) and in individuals with type 1 diabetes after adjusting for other factors. Patients born outside the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland were significantly more likely to present with retinopathy.


This study identified considerable inequity in the delivery of a local diabetic retinopathy screening programme. Equity audits should form an integral component of ongoing quality assurance monitoring of retinopathy screening programmes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center