Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Cardiol. 2006 Sep;48(3):125-32.

Elevated levels of brain natriuretic peptide as a predictor of impaired coronary endothelial function in patients with left ventricular remodeling.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Metabolic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kagoshima University.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) correlate with left ventricular remodeling, but the relationship between BNP induction and coronary function remains unclear.

OBJECTIVES:

The present study assessed BNP production in response to left ventricular enlargement and investigated the relationship between BNP production and coronary vasodilating function in patients with left ventricular remodeling.

METHODS:

Patients (n = 63) with normal or mildly diseased coronary arteries underwent Doppler flow study of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Vascular reactivity was examined using intracoronary acetylcholine, papaverine and nitroglycerin using a Doppler guidewire.

RESULTS:

Left ventricular end-diastolic dimension was positively correlated with BNP (r = 0.45, p < 0.001) in all patients. BNP was significantly and inversely correlated with percentage change in coronary artery diameter induced by acetylcholine (r = -0.56, p < 0.001) but not by nitroglycerin (r = -0.20, p = 0.28) in patients with left ventricular end-diastolic dimension > or = 55 mm (n = 32). By contrast, BNP was not significantly correlated with percentage change in coronary artery diameter induced by either acetylcholine or nitroglycerin in patients with left ventricular end-diastolic dimension < 55 mm (n = 31). Further, BNP was not correlated with the percentage change in coronary blood flow induced by acetylcholine or by papaverine in patients with or without left ventricular remodeling.

CONCLUSIONS:

The elevation in plasma BNP levels that occurs in association with left ventricular enlargement is a predictor of impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation in conductance coronary arteries.

PMID:
17007237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center