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Mol Immunol. 2007 Mar;44(7):1737-42. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

Synthesis of complement proteins in the human chorion is differentially regulated by cytokines.

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Institute of Allergy and Immunology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin 70300, Israel.


The aim of the current paper was to determine the chorion's contribution to complement synthesis in the placenta and its regulation by cytokines. Biosynthetic labeling followed by immunoprecipitation with polyclonal antibodies was performed in chorionic tissue and chorion-derived cells. Eight complement proteins, factor B, C3, C1r, C1s, C1 inhibitor, factor H, C4 and C2 were detected in chorionic tissue and were secreted extracellularly. In chorion-derived cells, IL-1beta stimulated factor B synthesis but had no effect on C1r, C1 inhibitor, C1s, factor H and C4. TNFalpha had no stimulative effect on any of the complement proteins tested. In contrast, both IL-1beta and TNFalpha highly induced IL-6 secretion in chorion-derived cells, demonstrating the overall responsiveness of these cells to these stimuli. Interestingly, IFN-gamma increased the synthesis of C1s, C1r, C1 inhibitor, C4 and factor H in chorion-derived cells. The fact that the latter two complement proteins have opposing effects on immune activation of the complement cascade demonstrates the complex balance required to both maintain an ability to ward off infections but simultaneously suppress the immune response to enable tolerance of the allograft fetus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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