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J Pediatr (Rio J). 2006 Sep-Oct;82(5):395-7. Epub 2006 Sep 21.

Consequences of bottle-feeding to the oral facial development of initially breastfed children.

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1
Saúde da Criança e do Adolescente, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brasil. carrascoza@fop.unicamp.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify and assess the possible consequences of bottle-feeding on the oral facial development of children who were breastfed up to at least six months of age.

METHOD:

Two hundred and two children (4 years of age) enrolled in an early health attention program participated in the study. The sample was divided into two groups: G1 (children who used only a cup to drink) and G2 (those who used a bottle).

RESULTS:

Lip closure was observed in 82% of the children in G1 and in 65% of those in G2 (p = 0.0065). The tongue coming to rest in the maxillary arch was found in 73% of the children in G1 and in 47% of those in G2 (p = 0.0001). Nasal breathing was observed in 69% of G1 and in 37% of G2 (p = 0.0001). The maxilla was shown to be normal in 90% of G1 and in 78% of G2 (p = 0.0206).

CONCLUSION:

Use of the bottle, even among breastfed children interferes negatively with oral facial development.

PMID:
17003942
DOI:
doi:10.2223/JPED.1536
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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