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Kidney Int. 2006 Nov;70(10):1725-34. Epub 2006 Sep 27.

Ifosfamide metabolites CAA, 4-OH-Ifo and Ifo-mustard reduce apical phosphate transport by changing NaPi-IIa in OK cells.

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Department of Pediatrics, Friedrich-Schiller-University, Jena, Germany.


Renal Fanconi syndrome occurs in about 1-5% of all children treated with Ifosfamide (Ifo) and impairment of renal phosphate reabsorption in about 20-30% of them. Pathophysiological mechanisms of Ifo-induced nephropathy are ill defined. The aim has been to investigate whether Ifo metabolites affect the type IIa sodium-dependent phosphate transporter (NaPi-IIa) in viable opossum kidney cells. Ifo did not influence viability of cells or NaPi-IIa-mediated transport up to 1 mM/24 h. Incubation of confluent cells with chloroacetaldehyde (CAA) and 4-hydroperoxyIfosfamide (4-OH-Ifo) led to cell death by necrosis in a concentration-dependent manner. At low concentrations (50-100 microM/24 h), cell viability was normal but apical phosphate transport, NaPi-IIa protein, and -mRNA expression were significantly reduced. Coincubation with sodium-2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (MESNA) prevented the inhibitory action of CAA but not of 4-OH-Ifo; DiMESNA had no effect. Incubation with Ifosfamide-mustard (Ifo-mustard) did alter cell viability at concentrations above 500 microM/24 h. At lower concentrations (50-100 microM/24 h), it led to significant reduction in phosphate transport, NaPi-IIa protein, and mRNA expression. MESNA did not block these effects. The effect of Ifo-mustard was due to internalization of NaPi-IIa. Cyclophosphamide-mustard (CyP-mustard) did not have any influence on cell survival up to 1000 microM, but the inhibitory effect on phosphate transport and on NaPi-IIa protein was the same as found after Ifo-mustard. In conclusion, CAA, 4-OH-Ifo, and Ifo- and CyP-mustard are able to inhibit sodium-dependent phosphate cotransport in viable opossum kidney cells. The Ifo-mustard effect took place via internalization and reduction of de novo synthesis of NaPi-IIa. Therefore, it is possible that Ifo-mustard plays an important role in pathogenesis of Ifo-induced nephropathy.

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