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Blood. 2007 Feb 1;109(3):1069-76. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

Paucity of CD4+CCR5+ T cells is a typical feature of natural SIV hosts.

Author information

1
Tulane National Primate Research Center, Covington, LA 70433, USA. ipandrea@tulane.edu

Abstract

In contrast to lentiviral infections of humans and macaques, simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infection of natural hosts is nonpathogenic despite high levels of viral replication. However, the mechanisms underlying this absence of disease are unknown. Here we report that natural hosts for SIV infection express remarkably low levels of CCR5 on CD4+ T cells isolated from blood, lymph nodes, and mucosal tissues. Given that this immunologic feature is found in 5 different species of natural SIV hosts (sooty mangabeys, African green monkeys, mandrills, sun-tailed monkeys, and chimpanzees) but is absent in 5 nonnatural/recent hosts (humans, rhesus, pigtail, cynomolgus macaques, and baboons), it may represent a key feature of the coevolution between the virus and its natural hosts that led to a nonpathogenic infection. Beneficial effects of low CCR5 expression on CD4+ T cells may include the reduction of target cells for viral replication and a decreased homing of activated CD4+ T cells to inflamed tissue.

PMID:
17003371
PMCID:
PMC1785133
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2006-05-024364
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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