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J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Oct 4;128(39):12700-13.

Ionic core-shell dendrimers with an octacationic core as noncovalent supports for homogeneous catalysts.

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Faculty of Science, Organic Chemistry and Catalysis, Utrecht University, Padualaan 8, 3584 CH Utrecht, The Netherlands.


Ionic core-shell dendrimers with an octacationic core have been applied as noncovalent supports for homogeneous catalysts. Catalytically active arylpalladium complexes, which bear a tethered sulfato group, were noncovalently attached to the ionic core-shell dendritic supports via a straightforward ion-exchange reaction under mild conditions. Diagnostic shifts in (1)H NMR and Overhauser contacts show that the sulfato groups of the catalysts are located close to the octacationic core of the dendritic support in the resulting assemblies. The location of the catalytic Pd(II) sites has been varied via two strategies: by increasing the dendrimer generation and/or by shortening of the sulfato tether. In addition, a metallodendritic assembly was prepared, which bears an alternative shell of apolar dodecyl groups. Both the dendrimer size and the nature of the dendritic shell have no influence on the binding properties of the dendritic supports, i.e., the octacationic dendrimers of generations 1-3 form discrete 1:8 assemblies with the arylpalladium complexes. The structural aspects and the nature of the metallodendritic assemblies have been studied by means of pulse gradient spin-echo NMR diffusion methods, Overhauser spectroscopy, and electron microscopy (TEM). These techniques showed that the dendritic supports and arylpalladium complexes are strongly associated in solution to give unimolecular assemblies of nanoscopic dimensions. Membrane dialysis can recover these metallodendritic assemblies due to their nanoscopic size. The catalytic performances of the metallodendritic assemblies are comparable, but slightly lower than the performance of the unsupported catalyst.


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