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Patol Fiziol Eksp Ter. 2006 Jul-Sep;(3):11-4.

[The role of changes in tissue redox-status in mechanism of paraneoplasia].

[Article in Russian]


To specify mechanisms of paraneoplastic alterations of redox-status of tissues in experimental malignant tumor growth, we investigated electronic paramagnetic centers of blood, skeletal muscle and liver with electronic paramagnetic resonance (EPR) method. We also studied the concentration and activity of antioxidant enzymes. Our experiments on adult white male rats of mixed population with sarcoma C-45 and mice with Ehrlich carcinoma have shown that malignant tumor growth leads to enhanced lipid peroxidation (LPO): production of potent LPO promoters - Fe2+, Mn+2+, NO, ubiquinone; depression of antioxidant defence - reduced production of total ceruloplasmin, elevated blood levels of oxidized ceruloplasmin and enhanced catalase activity. It is suggested that malignant tumor growth is associated with marked paraneoplastic shifts in tissue redox-potential. These alterations are involved in mechanisms of paraneoplastic changes of red cells, microhemocirculation and circulation intensity. All these interrelated processes result in generalized paraneoplastic hypoxia of the organs and tissues. Basing on our and literature data, we propose an original scheme of the mechanisms of paraneoplastic disorders of tissue redox-status, microcirculation and erythrocytes.

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