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Am J Med Genet A. 2006 Dec 1;140(23):2584-6.

PTCH mutations in four Brazilian patients with holoprosencephaly and in one with holoprosencephaly-like features and normal MRI.

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Serviço de Genética, Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais, Universidade de São Paulo, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil.


We report five Brazilian probands with PATCHED (PTCH) mutations and highly variable phenotypes with holoprosencephaly in four cases and holoprosencephaly-like facial features with a normal MRI in a fifth case. Three of our mutations were novel: Ala443Gly, Val751Gly, and Val908Gly. Two patients had the same mutation (Val908Gly), but were phenotypically different: alobar holoprosencephaly, absent nasal septum, and midline cleft lip-palate in one case, and lobar holoprosencephaly, macrocephaly, hypertelorism, clefting of the nose, severe microphthalmia, and a single maxillary central incisor in the other. One of our patients had a Thr1052Met mutation, holoprosencephaly-like facial features, and a normal MRI. Ming et al. [(2002); Hum Genet 110:297-301] reported an identical mutation, but with alobar holoprosencephaly.

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