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Biosens Bioelectron. 2007 Apr 15;22(9-10):2032-9. Epub 2006 Sep 26.

Toward continuous glucose monitoring with planar modified biosensors and microdialysis. Study of temperature, oxygen dependence and in vivo experiment.

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Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Università di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 Rome, Italy.


Glucose biosensors based on the use of planar screen-printed electrodes modified with an electrochemical mediator and with glucose oxidase have been optimised for their application in the continuous glucose monitoring in diabetic patients. A full study of their operative stability and temperature dependence has been accomplished, thus giving useful information for in vivo applications. The effect of dissolved oxygen concentration in the working solution was also studied in order to evaluate its effect on the linearity of the sensors. Glucose monitoring performed with serum samples was performed to evaluate the effect of matrix components on operative stability and demonstrated an efficient behaviour for 72 h of continuous monitoring. Finally, these studies led to a sensor capable of detecting glucose at concentrations as low as 0.04 mM and with a good linearity up to 2.0 mM (at 37 degrees C) with an operative stability of ca. 72 h, thus demonstrating the possible application of these sensors for continuous glucose monitoring in conjunction with a microdialysis probe. Moreover, preliminary in vivo experiments for ca. 20 h have demonstrated the feasibility of this system.

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