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J Comp Neurol. 2006 Nov 20;499(3):471-84.

Plasticity of synaptopodin and the spine apparatus organelle in the rat fascia dentata following entorhinal cortex lesion.

Author information

1
Institute of Clinical Neuroanatomy, J.W. Goethe-University, D-60590 Frankfurt/Main, Germany. t.deller@em.uni-frankfurt.de

Abstract

Synaptopodin is an actin-associated molecule essential for the formation of a spine apparatus in telencephalic spines. To study whether synaptopodin and the spine apparatus organelle are regulated under conditions of lesion-induced plasticity, synaptopodin and the spine apparatus were analyzed in granule cells of the rat fascia dentata following entorhinal denervation. Confocal microscopy was employed to quantify layer-specific changes in synaptopodin-immunoreactive puncta densities. Electron microscopy was used to quantify layer-specific changes in spine apparatus organelles. Within the denervated middle and outer molecular layers, the layers of deafferentation-induced spine loss, synaptogenesis, and spinogenesis, the density of synaptopodin puncta and the number of spine apparatuses decreased by 4 days postlesion and slowly recovered in parallel with spinogenesis by 180 days postlesion. Within the nondenervated inner molecular layer, the zone without deafferentation-induced spine loss, a rapid loss of synaptopodin puncta and spine apparatuses was also observed. In this layer, spine apparatus densities recovered by 14 days postlesion, in parallel with plastic remodeling at the synaptic level and the postlesional recovery of granule cell activity. These data demonstrate layer-specific changes in the distribution of synaptopodin and the spine apparatus organelle following partial denervation of granule cells: in the layer of spine loss, spine apparatus densities follow spine densities; in the layer of spine maintenance, however, spine apparatus densities appear to be regulated by other signals.

PMID:
16998909
DOI:
10.1002/cne.21103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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