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Cell. 1990 Nov 2;63(3):475-84.

ELAM-1--dependent cell adhesion to vascular endothelium determined by a transfected human fucosyltransferase cDNA.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109-0650.


Adhesion of circulating leukocytes to the vascular endothelium during inflammation is mediated in part by their interaction with the endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule ELAM-1. ELAM-1, a member of the LEC-CAM family of cell adhesion molecules, expresses an N-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) homologous to various calcium-dependent mammalian lectins. However, the contribution of the CRD to cell adhesion and its carbohydrate binding specificity have not been elucidated. This study demonstrates that transfection of a human fucosyltransferase cDNA into nonmyeloid cell lines confers ELAM-1--dependent endothelial adhesion. Binding activity correlates with de novo cell surface expression of the sialylated Lewis x tetrasaccharide, whose biosynthesis is determined by the transfected fucosyltransferase cDNA. We propose that specific alpha(1,3)fucosyltransferases regulate cell adhesion to ELAM-1 by modulating cell surface expression of one or more alpha(2,3)sialylated, alpha(1,3)fucosylated lactosaminoglycans represented by the sialyl Lewis x carbohydrate determinant.

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