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Chemistry. 2007;13(2):604-12.

Three-phase interlines electrochemically driven into insulator compounds: a penetration model and its verification by electroreduction of solid AgCl.

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College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430072, PR China.


A dynamic three-phase interline model has been developed for the reduction of a solid insulating metal compound to the metal in a suitable electrolyte, focusing on the electrochemically driven penetration of the process (or the three-phase interlines) into the insulator. Consideration is given to the effects of electrochemical, concentration and ohmic polarizations in the reduction-generated porous metal layer on top of the solid compound. Under potentiostatic conditions, reduction in the depth direction (penetration) becomes progressively slower as a result of the rising ohmic and concentration polarizations, whilst the electrochemical polarization exerts a declining effect. The quantitative equations established here also provide simple methods for the determination of some kinetic parameters of the reduction process, including rho (total resistivity) and D(R) (diffusion coefficient). The model has been experimentally verified by electrochemical reduction of solid AgCl with two novel metal|AgCl cylinder electrodes in aqueous solutions.


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