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Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2006 Oct 1;63(19):1888-92.

How to write a patient case report.

Author information

1
Arnold & Marie Schwartz College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Long Island University, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA. hcohenliu@aol.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Guidelines for writing patient case reports, with a focus on medication-related reports, are provided.

SUMMARY:

The format of a patient case report encompasses the following five sections: an abstract, an introduction and objective that contain a literature review, a description of the case report, a discussion that includes a detailed explanation of the literature review, a summary of the case, and a conclusion. The abstract of a patient case report should succinctly include the four sections of the main text of the report. The introduction section should provide the subject, purpose, and merit of the case report. It must explain why the case report is novel or merits review, and it should include a comprehensive literature review that corroborates the author's claims. The case presentation section should describe the case in chronological order and in enough detail for the reader to establish his or her own conclusions about the case's validity. The discussion section is the most important section of the case report. It ought to evaluate the patient case for accuracy, validity, and uniqueness; compare and contrast the case report with the published literature; derive new knowledge; summarize the essential features of the report; and draw recommendations. The conclusion section should be brief and provide a conclusion with evidence-based recommendations and applicability to practice.

CONCLUSION:

Patient case reports are valuable resources of new and unusual information that may lead to vital research.

PMID:
16990637
DOI:
10.2146/ajhp060182
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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