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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Dec;1757(12):1669-75. Epub 2006 Aug 10.

An HPLC-based method of estimation of the total redox state of plastoquinone in chloroplasts, the size of the photochemically active plastoquinone-pool and its redox state in thylakoids of Arabidopsis.

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Department of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland.


We have described a direct, high-performance liquid chromatography-based method of estimation of the total level of plastoquinone (PQ) in leaves, the redox state of total (photoactive and non-photoactive) PQ, as well as the redox state of the PQ-pool that is applicable to any illumination conditions. This method was applied to Arabidopsis thaliana leaves but it can be applied to any other plant species. The obtained results show that the level of total PQ was 25+/-3 molecules/1000 chlorophyll (Chl) molecules in relation to foliar total Chl content. The level of the photoactive PQ, i.e., the PQ-pool, was about 31% of the total PQ present in Arabidopsis leaves that corresponds to about 8 PQ molecules/1000 Chl molecules. The reduction level of the non-photoactive PQ fraction, present outside thylakoids in chloroplasts, was estimated to account for about 49%. The measurements of the redox state of the PQ-pool showed that the pool was reduced during the dark period in about 24%, and during the light period (150 micromol/m(2).s) the reduction of the PQ-pool increased to nearly 100%. The obtained results were discussed in terms of the activity of chlororespiration pathways in Arabidopsis and the regulatory role of the redox state of PQ-pool in various physiological and molecular processes in plants.

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