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J Nat Prod. 1990 May-Jun;53(3):587-95.

Anti-AIDS agents, 2: Inhibitory effects of tannins on HIV reverse transcriptase and HIV replication in H9 lymphocyte cells.

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Natural Products Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599.


Nine tannins, including gallo- and ellagitannins, were evaluated as potential inhibitors of HIV replication. 1,3,4-Tri-O-galloylquinic acid [1], 3,5-di-O-galloyl-shikimic acid [2], 3,4,5-tri-O-galloylshikimic acid [3], punicalin [6], and punicalagin [7] inhibited HIV replication in infected H9 lymphocytes with little cytotoxicity. Two compounds, punicalin and punicacortein C [8], inhibited purified HIV reverse transcriptase with ID50 of 8 and 5 microM, respectively. Further studies with H9 lymphocytes indicated that chebulagic acid [5] and punicalin did not inactivate virus directly. However, 1,3,4-tri-O-galloylquinic acid and 3,5-di-O-galloylshikimic acid were more effective inhibitors under those conditions. All tannins appear to inhibit virus-cell interactions. Thus, inspite of their anti-RT activity, the mechanism by which tannins inhibit HIV may not be associated with this enzyme.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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