Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Essent Psychopharmacol. 2006;7(1):1-14.

Abstinence, anticipation, reduction, and treatment (AART): a stepwise approach to the management of atypical antipsychotic side effects.

Author information

VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, WA, USA.


Antipsychotic medications, specifically the atypical agents, serve as first-line treatment options for patients with psychotic disorders, including individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Atypical antipsychotics are also often prescribed off-label as either the primary treatment or as an adjunctive treatment for individuals with other disorders, including mood disorders without psychosis, behavioral disorders, and insomnia. Despite the generally superior side-effect profiles of atypical antipsychotics compared with typical antipsychotic agents, the atypicals have been associated with a number of serious side effects, including metabolic disorders, cardiovascular disorders, seizures, hyperprolactinemia, and movement disorders. This article offers a stepwise approach to the management of antipsychotic side effects: Abstinence, Anticipation, Reduction, and Treatment (AART). The steps in AART are hierarchical, but often overlap in the areas of risk prevention and minimization. The authors discuss issues relevant to each level of intervention and provide suggestions for integrating the AART approach into a comprehensive treatment plan. By incorporating this stepwise approach into their clinical decision-making process, prescribers may be able to optimize the risk:benefit ratio associated with the prescription of atypical antipsychotics.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center