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Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Dec;17(12):4946-61. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

Systematic deletion and mitotic localization of the nuclear pore complex proteins of Aspergillus nidulans.

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Department of Molecular Genetics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.


To define the extent of the modification of the nuclear pore complex (NPC) during Aspergillus nidulans closed mitosis, a systematic analysis of nuclear transport genes has been completed. Thirty genes have been deleted defining 12 nonessential and 18 essential genes. Several of the nonessential deletions caused conditional phenotypes and self-sterility, whereas deletion of some essential genes caused defects in nuclear structure. Live cell imaging of endogenously tagged NPC proteins (Nups) revealed that during mitosis 14 predicted peripheral Nups, including all FG repeat Nups, disperse throughout the cell. A core mitotic NPC structure consisting of membrane Nups, all components of the An-Nup84 subcomplex, An-Nup170, and surprisingly, An-Gle1 remained throughout mitosis. We propose this minimal mitotic NPC core provides a conduit across the nuclear envelope and acts as a scaffold to which dispersed Nups return during mitotic exit. Further, unlike other dispersed Nups, An-Nup2 locates exclusively to mitotic chromatin, suggesting it may have a novel mitotic role in addition to its nuclear transport functions. Importantly, its deletion causes lethality and defects in DNA segregation. This work defines the dramatic changes in NPC composition during A. nidulans mitosis and provides insight into how NPC disassembly may be integrated with mitosis.

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