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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2006 Sep-Oct;8(9-10):1485-96.

NAD(P)H oxidase activity of Nox4 in chondrocytes is both inducible and involved in collagenase expression.

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GREPI EA 2938 UJF, Lab Enzymology/DBPC, Universitary Hospital A. Michallon, Grenoble, France [corrected]

Erratum in

  • Antioxid Redox Signal. 2006 Nov-Dec;8(11-12):2193.


Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are regulators of redox-sensitive cell signaling pathways. In osteoarthritis, human interleukin-1beta is implicated in cartilage destruction through an ROS-dependent matrix metalloproteinase production. To determine the molecular source of ROS production in the human IL-1beta (hIL-1beta)-sensitive chondrocyte immortalized cell line C-20/A4, transfected cells were constructed that overexpress NAD(P)H oxidases. First, RT-PCR analysis showed that the C-20/A4 cell line expressed Nox2, Nox4, p22( phox ), and p67( phox ), but not p47( phox ). It was found that ROS production by C-20/A4 chondrocytes does not depend on PMA and ionomycin activation. This indicates that Nox2 was not involved in the production of ROS. In C- 20/A4 cells that overexpress Nox4, hIL-1beta stimulated ROS production three times more than the normal production of C-20/A4 cells. Moreover, there was a fourfold increase in the production of collagenase (MMP-1) by chondrocytes that overexpress Nox4. Interestingly, MMP-1 production in cells that overexpress Nox2 was not sensitive to hIL-1beta. These data suggest that under hIL-1beta stimulation, C-20/A4 chondrocytes produce MMP-1 through a Nox4-mediated, ROS-dependent pathway.

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