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J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2006 Oct;23(10):2538-50.

Electromagnetic wave scattering from moving surfaces with high-amplitude corrugated pattern.

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Department of Electronic Engineering, La Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.


This paper deals with the problem of electromagnetic wave scattering from rough surfaces. By means of a generalized Floquet modal representation an analytic solution can be found that is valid for any Fourier-expandable surface pattern, with no limitation on the corrugation amplitude. By means of the special relativistic frame-hopping method, the motionless solution is generalized to the case of uniform translational relative motion between the surface and the observer. Plane-wave simplification techniques are employed to minimize the algebraic complexity of the field covariance transformations. A detailed signal analysis of the electromagnetic scattered field is performed in both the frequency and the time domains.

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