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Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2006 Sep;20(3):645-62, vii.

Endemic mycoses: blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and sporotrichosis.

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University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.


The endemic mycoses are diverse group of fungi that share several characteristics. They are able to cause disease in healthy hosts, they each occupy a specific ecologic niche in the environment, and they exhibit temperature dimorphism, existing as molds in the environment at temperature of 25 degrees C to 30 degrees C, and as yeasts, or spherules in the case of coccidioidomycosis, at body temperatures. This article discusses histoplasmosis and blastomycosis. Sporotrichosis, which differs in that it is usually a localized lymphocutaneous infection, is included because it shares the characteristics of endemic mycoses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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