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Cell Microbiol. 2006 Oct;8(10):1571-80.

Bacterial flagellin inhibits T cell receptor-mediated activation of T cells by inducing suppressor of cytokine signalling-1 (SOCS-1).

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Department of Infectious Diseases, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.


Flagellin, the structural component of bacterial flagella, is secreted by pathogenic and commensal bacteria, and is recognized by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 5. Flagellin is a common bacterial antigen present on most motile bacteria and is speculated to contribute to the activation of CD4+ T cells in the intestine. However, molecular mechanisms by which flagellin regulate T cell activation remains to be determined. Using Jurkat T cells or human primary T cell, we showed that flagellin stimulation induced tyrosine phosphorylation of TLR5 and activation of both mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor kappaB. In addition, stimulation by flagellin did not induce nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) activation, while stimulation via the T cell receptor (TCR) leads to activation of NFAT. However, TCR-mediated NFAT activation and tyrosine phosphorylation of zeta-associated protein 70 (Zap-70) were inhibited in cells pre-stimulated by flagellin. Furthermore, flagellin stimulation induced suppressor of cytokine signalling-1 (SOCS-1), which formed a complex with Zap-70 after stimulation via TCR, and inhibition of SOCS-1 expression by SOCS-1-specific small interfering RNA reinstated TCR-mediated activation of NFAT in cells pre-stimulated with flagellin. These results collectively indicate that bacterial flagellin inhibits TCR-mediated activation of T cells by inducing SOCS-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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