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Salud Publica Mex. 2005 Nov-Dec;47(6):413-22.

[Validation of an instrument to monitor food insecurity in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Department of Human Nutrition, The Ohio State University, Columbus 43210-1295, USA. melgar-quinonez.I@osu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To validate a version of the Food Security Scale (FSS) in communities located in Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Using focus groups, the FSS was modified to fit the Mexican context. Subsequently, a survey was applied to women with pre-school aged children. The FSS was validated in correlation with a household food inventory and the dietary variety of the individual being interviewed. The interview also included a socioeconomic questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Forty-four percent of the households reported mild food insecurity, 33% reported moderate hunger and 19.7% reported severe hunger. Food insecurity was significantly and inversely correlated with the number of food items in the household (r=-0.36**), animal source foods (r=-0.28**), dairy products (r=-0.25*), processed foods (r=-0.37**), fruits (r=-0.21*), and vegetables (r=-0.28**); *p<0.05, **p< 0.01. Food insecurity was also associated with low dietary variety (r=-0.23, p=0.02). These associations were maintained in multivariate models.

CONCLUSIONS:

The FSS is a useful tool for monitoring food insecurity in rural regions of Jalisco.

PMID:
16983986
DOI:
10.1590/s0036-36342005000600005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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