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J Histochem Cytochem. 2007 Jan;55(1):85-96. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

Expression studies of neogenin and its ligand hemojuvelin in mouse tissues.

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Institute of Medical Technology, University of Tampere, Biokatu 6 FIN-33520, Tampere, Finland.


Juvenile hemochromatosis is a severe hereditary iron overload disease caused by mutations in the HJV (hemojuvelin) and HAMP (hepcidin) genes. Hepcidin is an important iron regulatory hormone, and hemojuvelin may regulate hepcidin synthesis via the multifunctional membrane receptor neogenin. We explored the expression of murine hemojuvelin and neogenin mRNAs and protein. Real-time RT-PCR analysis of 18 tissues from male and female mice was performed to examine the mRNA expression profiles. To further study protein expression and localization we used immunohistochemistry on several tissues from three mouse strains. Mouse Neo1 mRNA was detectable in the 18 tissues tested, the highest signals being evident in the ovary, uterus, and testis. Neogenin protein was observed in the brain, skeletal muscle, heart, liver, stomach, duodenum, ileum, colon, renal cortex, lung, testis, ovary, oviduct, and uterus. The spleen, thymus, and pancreas were negative for neogenin. The highest signals for Hjv mRNA were detectable in the skeletal muscle, heart, esophagus, and liver. The results indicate that Neo1 mRNA is widely expressed in both male and female mouse tissues with the highest signals detected in the reproductive system. Moreover, Hjv and Neo1 mRNAs are simultaneously expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, esophagus, and liver.

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