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Exp Hematol. 2006 Oct;34(10):1344-52.

High-efficient lentiviral vector-mediated gene transfer into primary human NK cells.

Author information

1
Department of Experimental Medicine and Pathology, Istituto Pasteur-Fondazione Cenci-Bolognetti, University "La Sapienza," Rome, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The long-term transfection of genes into primary natural killer (NK) cells without disrupting normal cellular functions has been proven to be difficult with currently available gene-transfer methods. In this study, we establish a lentiviral vector-based technique for improved gene transfer into human NK cells in vitro and we report on high-efficient transduction of freshly isolated as well as cultured primary NK cells.

METHODS:

Freshly isolated or primary cultured human NK cells, as well as the human NK cell line YTS, were transduced with replication-incompetent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-based lentiviral vector bearing a GFP reporter gene or a gene of interest under the control of the elongation factor 1alpha (EF1alpha) promoter. Transduction efficiencies were monitored by flow cytometry.

RESULTS:

A long-term transgene expression was detected in up to 98% of YTS NK cells, whereas in freshly isolated or primary cultured NK cells exposed to interleukin (IL)-2 plus IL-12 upon infection, efficiency was in the range of 50% to 90%. Moreover, in freshly isolated quiescent NK cells a transfection efficiency of 18% to 20% was achieved without stimulation. Notably, no major phenotypic and functional modifications were observed in transduced cells with respect to control cells: the expression levels of activating receptors, CD69-antigen induction as well as cytotoxic function were unaffected.

CONCLUSION:

Results of our study demonstrate that NK cells can be efficiently transduced by lentiviral vectors.

PMID:
16982327
DOI:
10.1016/j.exphem.2006.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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