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Genet Med. 2006 Sep;8(9):557-62.

Comprehensive genetic analysis of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator from dried blood specimens--implications for newborn screening.

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1
Ambry Genetics, 100 Columbia #200, Aliso Viejo, CA 92656, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In the United States, approximately 1/3,700 babies is born with cystic fibrosis each year. The >1,300 documented sequence variants pose a challenge for detection of cystic fibrosis through genetic screening. To investigate whether comprehensive characterization of the cystic fibrosis gene is feasible using dried newborn blood specimens, we modified the whole blood Ambry Test: CF and determined its sensitivity by testing DNA from individuals with cystic fibrosis who still had unknown mutations after commercial mutation panel testing.

METHODS:

DNA from 42 archived newborn dried blood specimens of affected Hispanic, African-American and Caucasian individuals in California was analyzed by temporal temperature gradient electrophoresis screening and targeted sequencing, and by gross deletion analysis.

RESULTS:

Excluding two specimens that could not be analyzed due to poor DNA quality, we report a 100% sensitivity and clinical detection rate in the remaining 40 patients. Eighty-three mutations representing 40 different variants were detected, including 8 novel mutations.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study demonstrates the feasibility of temporal temperature gradient electrophoresis-based full sequence analysis and targeted sequencing from DNA in newborn blood specimens. The Ambry Test: CF, as an additional step in cystic fibrosis newborn screening models, can be used to dramatically reduce the number of cystic fibrosis carrier sweat test referrals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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