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Atherosclerosis. 2007 Oct;194(2):490-7. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

Occupational, commuting and leisure-time physical activity in relation to coronary heart disease among middle-aged Finnish men and women.

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Department of Epidemiology and Health Promotion, National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN-00300 Helsinki, Finland.



To examine the association of different levels of occupational, commuting, and leisure-time physical activity with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) events.


The study comprised 47,840 Finnish participants aged 25-64 years without history of CHD and stroke at baseline. During a mean follow-up of 18.9 years, 4660 new CHD events were documented. The multivariable-adjusted (age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, education, alcohol consumption, smoking, history of diabetes, and other two types of physical activity) hazard ratios (HRs) of CHD events associated with low, moderate, and high occupational activity were 1.00, 0.87, and 0.90 (P(trend)=0.019) for men, and 1.00, 0.75, and 0.80 (P(trend)<0.001) for women, respectively. The multivariable-adjusted HRs of CHD events associated with low, moderate, and high leisure-time physical activity were 1.00, 0.95, and 0.84 (P(trend)=0.026) for men, and 1.00, 0.85, and 0.77 (P(trend)=0.003) for women, respectively. Active commuting had a significant inverse association with the risk of CHD events in women but not in men.


Moderate or high levels of occupational or leisure-time physical activity are associated with a reduced risk of CHD. Daily walking or cycling to and from work is associated with a decreased risk of CHD among women.

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