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Physiol Behav. 2006 Dec 30;89(5):687-91. Epub 2006 Sep 18.

Intraventricular insulin and leptin reduce food intake and body weight in C57BL/6J mice.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45237, USA.


As the incidence of obesity continues to increase, adequate animal models acquire increased importance for the investigation of energy homeostatic mechanisms. Understanding the central mechanism of action of the adiposity hormones, insulin and leptin, has become particularly important as researchers examine ways to treat or prevent obesity. Although the intra-3rd-ventricular (i3vt) administration of insulin reduces food intake in several species, its effects on food intake and body weight have not been previously been assessed in mice. Male C57BL/6J mice were administered insulin i3vt (0.05, 0.1 or 0.4 microU) or leptin i3vt (5 microg/1 microl) as a positive control. As it occurs in other species, i3vt insulin dose-dependently reduced 24-h food intake and body weight, and increased hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA. Hence, genetic manipulations that influence brain insulin sensitivity in mice can now more easily be integrated with the broader literature on energy homeostasis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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