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Stem Cells Dev. 2006 Aug;15(4):583-94.

Autologous adipose tissue-derived stromal cells for treatment of spinal cord injury.

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Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea.


Isolated rat adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (rATSCs) contain pluripotent cells that can be differentiated into a variety of cell lineages, including neural cells. Recent work has shown that ATSCs can make neurosphere-like clumps and differentiate into neuron-like cells expressing neuronal markers, but their therapeutic effect is unclear. Here we report that intravenous infusion of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) derived from rATSC autograft cells sources improve motor function in rat models of spinal cord injury (SCI). After 4-5 weeks, transplanted rATSC-OPC cells survived and migrated into the injured region of SCI very efficiently (30-35%) and migrated cells were partially differentiated into neurons and oligodendrocyte. Also, we found some of the engrafted OPCs migrated and integrated in the kidney, brain, lung, and liver through the intravenous system. Behavioral analysis revealed the locomotor functions of OPC-autografted SCI rats were significantly restored. Efficient migration of intravenously engrafted rATSC-OPCs cells into SCI lesion suggests that SCI-induced chemotaxic factors facilitate migration of rATSC-OPCs. Here, we verified that engrafted rATSCs and SCI-induced chemotaxic factors indeed play an important role in proliferation, migration, and differentiation of endogeneous spinal cord-derived neural progenitor cells in the injured region. In transplantation paradigms, the interaction between engrafted rATSC-OPCs and endogeneous spinal cord-derived neuronal progenitor cells will be important in promoting healing through fate decisions, resulting in coordinated induction of cell migration and differentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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