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Diabetes Metab. 2006 Sep;32(4):313-20.

Accuracy of continuous subcutaneous glucose monitoring with the GlucoDay in type 1 diabetic patients treated by subcutaneous insulin infusion during exercise of low versus high intensity.

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Département de Physiologie Clinique (CERAMM), Hôpital Lapeyronie, Montpellier, France.



The GlucoDay allows continuous glucose monitoring by subcutaneous microdialysis in sedentary conditions. To validate it when glycaemia may undergo rapid and dramatic changes, we investigated its accuracy during two exercise sessions with markedly different glucose disposal rates.


Nine male diabetic patients, aged 32-61, treated by insulin pumps, first underwent a standard maximal exercise-test designed for determining the maximal oxygen consumption and the first ventilatory threshold (Vt1). Then two 30 min steady-state workloads at 15% below and 15% above the Vt1 were performed in random order with the GlucoDay, and measurement of CHO oxidation rates was made by indirect calorimetry.


CHO oxidation during exercise at +15% Vt1 was higher (+943.5 mg/min, ie +45.5%, P<0.01) than during exercise at -15% Vt1 No hypoglycaemia occurred. Due to breakages of 39% of subcutaneous probes, eleven steady-state sessions in 7 subjects allowed to compare 141 paired glucose (sensor vs. venous) determinations. The Clarke error grid situates 92.9% of glucose values within the A zone and 6.4% within the B zone, while only one pair of values (0.7%) falls in the D zone. Venous glucose tended to decrease more rapidly than sensor glucose during exercise. Bland-Altman plots evidence for a few cases of underestimation of venous glucose at high intensity.


This study showed satisfactory accuracy of the GlucoDay during exercise. A slight lag time in sensor values likely explains a few discrepancies that do not appear as clinically meaningful. Reduction of probe fragility and confirmed sensor accuracy in hypoglycaemia would further support applicability of GlucoDay at exercise.

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