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J Biol Chem. 1990 Sep 5;265(25):15034-9.

Rabbit small intestinal trehalase. Purification, cDNA cloning, expression, and verification of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchoring.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry II, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule-Zentrum, Zürich, Switzerland.

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  • J Biol Chem 1990 Nov 15;265(32):20051.

Abstract

alpha,alpha-Trehalase (EC 3.2.1.28), an intrinsic protein of intestinal brush-border membranes, was purified to homogeneity from rabbits. Partial amino acid sequences were determined. Two degenerate oligonucleotides based on the sequence of a CNBr peptide were employed in a polymerase chain reaction to amplify a 71-base pair fragment of trehalase DNA with rabbit intestine cDNA as a starting template. This fragment was used as a hybridization probe to isolate full length trehalase clones from a rabbit intestine cDNA bank. Sequence analysis revealed that trehalase comprises 578 amino acids, contains at the amino terminus a typical cleavable signal sequence, at the carboxyl terminus a rather hydrophobic region typical of proteins anchored via glycosylphosphatidylinositol, and four potential N-glycosylation sites. Trehalase has no sequence homologies with other sequenced brush-border glycosidases. Northern blot analysis revealed a 1.9-kilobase trehalase mRNA in small intestine and kidney, smaller amounts in liver, and none in lung. Southern blot analysis indicated the gene has a length of 20 kilobase pairs or less. Injection into Xenopus laevis oocytes of mRNA synthesized in vitro from a trehalase template resulted in the expression of trehalase activity several hundredfold above background. The trehalase activity was membrane-bound and could be solubilized upon digestion with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C from Bacillus thuringiensis. This strongly suggests that rabbit small intestinal trehalase is anchored via glycosylphosphatidylinositol also when expressed in X. laevis oocytes.

PMID:
1697585
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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