Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Jan;292(1):G335-43. Epub 2006 Sep 14.

Polyamines are required for phospholipase C-gamma1 expression promoting intestinal epithelial restitution after wounding.

Author information

Cell Biology Group, Department of Surgery, and 2Department of Pathology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.


Intestinal mucosal restitution occurs by epithelial cell migration, rather than by proliferation, to reseal superficial wounds after injury. Polyamines are essential for the stimulation of intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) migration during restitution in association with their ability to regulate Ca2+ homeostasis, but the exact mechanism by which polyamines induce cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) remains unclear. Phospholipase C (PLC)-gamma1 catalyzes the formation of inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (IP3), which is implicated in the regulation of [Ca2+]cyt by modulating Ca2+ store mobilization and Ca2+ influx. The present study tested the hypothesis that polyamines are involved in PLC-gamma1 activity, regulating [Ca2+]cyt and cell migration after wounding. Depletion of cellular polyamines by alpha-difluoromethylornithine inhibited PLC-gamma1 expression in differentiated IECs (stable Cdx2-transfected IEC-6 cells), as indicated by substantial decreases in levels of PLC-gamma1 mRNA and protein and its enzyme product IP3. Polyamine-deficient cells also displayed decreased [Ca2+]cyt and inhibited cell migration. Decreased levels of PLC-gamma1 by treatment with U-73122 or transfection with short interfering RNA specifically targeting PLC-gamma1 also decreased IP3, reduced resting [Ca2+]cyt and Ca2+ influx after store depletion, and suppressed cell migration in control cells. In contrast, stimulation of PLC-gamma1 by 2,4,6-trimethyl-N-(meta-3-trifluoromethylphenyl)-benzenesulfonamide induced IP3, increased [Ca2+]cyt, and promoted cell migration in polyamine-deficient cells. These results indicate that polyamines are absolutely required for PLC-gamma1 expression in IECs and that polyamine-mediated PLC-gamma1 signaling stimulates cell migration during restitution as a result of increased [Ca2+]cyt.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center