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Mol Pharmacol. 2006 Dec;70(6):2075-83. Epub 2006 Sep 14.

YM-244769, a novel Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitor that preferentially inhibits NCX3, efficiently protects against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced SH-SY5Y neuronal cell damage.

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Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, 7-45-1 Nanakuma Jonanku, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan.


We investigated the pharmacological properties and interaction domains of N-(3-aminobenzyl)-6-{4-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]phenoxy} nicotinamide (YM-244769), a novel potent Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor, using various NCX-transfectants and neuronal and renal cell lines. YM-244769 preferentially inhibited intracellular Na(+)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake via NCX3 (IC(50) = 18 nM); the inhibition was 3.8- to 5.3-fold greater than for the uptake via NCX1 or NCX2, but it did not significantly affect extracellular Na(+)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) efflux via NCX isoforms. We searched for interaction domains with YM-244769 by NCX1/NCX3-chimeric analysis and determined that the alpha-2 region in NCX1 is mostly responsible for the differential drug response between NCX1 and NCX3. Further cysteine scanning mutagenesis in the alpha-2 region identified that the mutation at Gly833 markedly reduced sensitivity to YM-244769. Mutant exchangers that display either undetectable or accelerated Na(+)-dependent inactivation, had markedly reduced sensitivity or hypersensitivity to YM-244769, respectively. YM-244769, like 2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxyl)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulfonate (KB-R7943), protected against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cell damage in neuronal SH-SY5Y cells, which express NCX1 and NCX3, more efficiently than that in renal LLC-PK(1) cells, which exclusively express NCX1, whereas 2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)benzyl]thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (SN-6) suppressed renal cell damage to a greater degree than neuronal cell damage. These protective potencies consistently correlated well with their inhibitory efficacies for the Ca(2+) uptake via NCX isoforms existing in the corresponding cell lines. Antisense knockdown of NCX1 and NCX3 in SH-SY5Y cells confirmed that NCX3 contributes to the neuronal cell damage more than NCX1. Thus, YM-244769 is not only experimentally useful as a NCX inhibitor that preferentially inhibits NCX3, but also has therapeutic potential as a new neuroprotective drug.

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