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Dev Biol. 1990 Sep;141(1):164-72.

Polarized release of enveloped viruses in the embryonic chick heart: demonstration of epithelial polarity in the presumptive myocardium.

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Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Cornell University Medical College, New York, NY 10021.


The presumptive myocardium of the embryonic vertebrate heart is composed of cells which exhibit the morphology of a cuboidal epithelium. To examine the functional polarity of these developing myocytes, embryonic chick hearts (Hamburger-Hamilton stages 10-13) were infected with either influenza virus (FLU) or vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). These viruses have been shown to sort vectorially to either apical (FLU) or basolateral (VSV) membrane surfaces in monolayers of polarized kidney (MDCK) cells. Our results demonstrate that these viruses bud with comparable polarity from differentiating myocytes. However, there appear to be stage-dependent differences in the polarized budding of the two viruses: restricted basolateral release of VSV is present before or shortly after the formation of the heart tube, whereas polarized budding of FLU is established later in development. These results are discussed in terms of plasma membrane organization during the early stages of cardiac development.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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