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EMBO J. 1990 Sep;9(9):2657-61.

Light regulation of the 22 kd heat shock gene transcription and its translation product accumulation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.


Expression of the nuclear coded heat shock protein HSP22 in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii y-1 cells is light regulated at the level of transcript accumulation. In dark grown cells, containing a non-differentiated plastid, light has an additional regulatory effect on the accumulation of HSP22. When such cells are exposed to heat stress in the light, poly(A)+ RNA hybridizing with the HS22 probe is synthesized at levels comparable with those found in cells pre-illuminated for 3 h (greening) prior to the heat shock. However, this RNA is poorly translated in vitro and HSP22 does not accumulate in vivo. HS22 mRNA efficiently translated in vitro is induced in dark grown cells only when chloroplast differentiation has been initiated by exposure to the light for 3 h. In these cells HSP22 accumulates during heat shock. Inhibition of plastid translation activity during light-dependent chloroplast development prevents accumulation of HSP22 in vivo. However the HS22 mRNA formed in this case can be efficiently translated in vitro. Light requirement for the accumulation of HSP22 during heat stress is exhibited also by wild type C. reinhardtii cells which possess a differentiated chloroplast irrespective of the light conditions during cell growth. However dark grown wild type cells do not require pre-illumination for developing the ability to accumulate HSP22 during heat stress in the light.

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