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Mol Biol Cell. 2006 Nov;17(11):4888-95. Epub 2006 Sep 13.

Critical role of PICT-1, a tumor suppressor candidate, in phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate signals and tumorigenic transformation.

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Biomembrane Signaling Project, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, Tokyo 113-8613, Japan.


The tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) regulates diverse cellular functions by dephosphorylating the lipid second messenger, phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)). Recent study revealed that PICT-1/GLTSCR2 bound to and stabilized PTEN protein in cells, implicating its roles in PTEN-governed PIP(3) signals. In this study, we demonstrate that RNA interference-mediated knockdown of PICT-1 in HeLa cells down-regulated endogenous PTEN and resulted in the activation of PIP(3) downstream effectors, such as protein kinase B/Akt. Furthermore, the PICT-1 knockdown promoted HeLa cell proliferation; however the proliferation of PTEN-null cells was not altered by the PICT-1 knockdown, suggesting its dependency on PTEN status. In addition, apoptosis of HeLa cells induced by staurosporine or serum-depletion was alleviated by the PICT-1 knockdown in the similar PTEN-dependent manner. Most strikingly, the PICT-1 knockdown in HeLa and NIH3T3 cells promoted anchorage-independent growth, a hallmark of tumorigenic transformation. Furthermore, PICT-1 was aberrantly expressed in 18 (41%) of 44 human neuroblastoma specimens, and the PICT-1 loss was associated with reduced PTEN protein expression in spite of the existence of PTEN mRNA. Collectively, these results suggest that PICT-1 plays a role in PIP(3) signals through controlling PTEN protein stability and the impairment in the PICT-1-PTEN regulatory unit may become a causative factor in human tumor(s).

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