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Semin Dial. 2006 Sep-Oct;19(5):349-52.

The cardiovascular effects of arteriovenous fistulas in chronic kidney disease: a cause for concern?


Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are the preferred type of vascular access, but relatively little is known regarding their effects on cardiovascular remodeling and cardiac function. The following is a review regarding the immediate and long-term complications associated with AVF creation, including the development of left ventricular hypertrophy, high-output cardiac failure, exacerbation of coronary ischemia, and the possible contribution to the development of central vein stenosis.

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